Glaucoma is a complicated disease in which damage to the optic nerve leads to progressive, irreversible vision loss. Once thought to be only a high eye pressure problem, glaucoma is now known to be a more complex condition.The most common form of glaucoma, occurs when the eye’s drainage canals become clogged over time.
People with glaucoma rarely experience symptoms, but risk factors for include, aging, African ancestry, family history, diabetes, hypertension, and certain anatomical eye features.
With glaucoma, each day, vision will become less and less clear. For this reason, routine eye examinations are important to help identify possible symptoms and risk factors. The doctor may become suspicious of glaucoma during this exam and order special tests to help in making the diagnosis or ruling it out as a possible problem. From there, the best treatment option will be decided.